VOA慢速英语[时事新闻]2018年诺贝尔文学奖取消!

作者:admin

来源:

2018-6-8 13:06

VOA慢速英语[时事新闻]2018年诺贝尔文学奖取消!

00:00

VOA慢速英语

2018-05-05

Nobel Prize in Literature Will Not Be Awarded This Year

The Nobel Prize in literature will not be awarded this year, after accusations of wrongdoing against the Swedish Academy. The organization chooses the winner.

The Swedish Academy said Friday that the 2018 prize will be given in 2019. Members made the decision at a weekly meeting in Stockholm a day earlier. Anders Olsson, the Academy’s permanent secretary, said the group needed time to rebuild public trust before choosing the next laureate.

He said the academy made the decision, in his words, “out of respect for previous and future literature laureates, the Nobel Foundation and the general public.“

Nobel Prizes are awarded in science, medicine, literature and peacemaking. Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel provided money for their establishment after his death.

This will be the first time since 1949 that the award has been delayed. Last year, Japanese-born British novelist Kazuo Ishiguro won the prize.

Sex-abuse hits the academy

2018年诺贝尔文学奖取消!

The problems at the Swedish Academy began last fall. Jean-Claude Arnault, an important artist in Sweden, was accused of sexual abuse.

Arnault leads a cultural center for which the Academy provided financial support. He is also the husband of Academy member, poet Katarina Frostenson.

In November of 2016, a major Swedish newspaper, Dagens Nyheter, reported about 18 women who accused Arnault of sex abuse.

He has also been accused of violating Nobel secrecy rules. He reportedly released the identity of winners before official announcements at least seven times.

Arnault’s lawyer Bjorn Hurtig has denied the accusations. He told the Associated Press that his Arnault is the victim of “a witch hunt“ and that the accusations “may only have the purpose of harming“ him.

Needing time to rebuild

The academy later admitted in a report that “unacceptable behavior in the form of unwanted intimacy“ took place among its members. However, its poor management of the behavior damaged the organization’s trustworthiness. It also led to the resignation of its first female leader, Sara Danius.

A debate about how to deal with the accusations divided the Academy’s 18 members, who are appointed to life terms. Later, seven members decided to leave or distance themselves from the group.

The Academy released a statement that said members would reexamine operating polices at this week’s meeting.

The Nobel Foundation quickly answered, saying it believes the academy will put all its efforts into rebuilding its trustworthiness.

Carl-Henrik Heldin, chairman of the Nobel Foundation Board, said in a statement that he also believes the Academy members realize their changes need to include “greater openness toward the outside world.“

Past Delays

The Nobel Prize has been suspended 49 times since the prizes began in 1901, usually the result of war.

Swedish Academy member Goran Malmqvist told Sweden’s TT news agency that the delay was “a really good decision.“

“We’re in a CRIsis and it will take time to rebuild it again,“ he said. He added that the academy must be more open to the media, but at the same time not leak the name of the winner.

I’m Phil Dierking.

This story was originally reported by Jan M. Olsen for the Associated Press. Phil Dierking adapted this story for VOA Learning English. Caty Weaver was the editor.

_______________________________

Words in This Story

previous - adj. existing or happening before the present time

novelist - n. a person who writes novels -- books that are usually about imaginary characters and events

intimacy - n. emotional warmth and closeness

management - n. the act or skill of controlling and making decisions about a business, department, sports team, etc.

witch hunt - n. the act of unfairly looking for and punishing people who are accused of having opinions that are believed to be dangerous or evil

英语听力能力,是每个英语学习者的必备能力。英语训练的过程其实是一个基于记忆的特殊技能训练的过程。那么如何让听力水平有质的飞跃?小编为大家推荐的是普特英语听力网出版过的被数万人追捧的两本书《听力元素》《听力策略》

听力教材
听力元素听力策略
本书听力训练方法主要是由听写对照译背三部分组成。其原理是用听写强化耳音和头脑反应之间的联系,通过听写提高辨音能力,通过译背来强化自己的语言能力。

《听力元素》侧重攻破各种听力考试《听力策略》侧重交际和现实听力
听力教材购买二维码
识别二维码即可购买 76元两本书包邮
普特淘宝店

购买链接:http://detail.youzan.com/show/goods?alias=3esw03151f651&v2/goods/3esw03151f651